Punishing A Python Through The Law 法誅蟒精

The Qiongzhou Daoist Zhang Biyun (lit. ‘Jade Cloud Zhang’) performed the Thunder Rites. He was famous across Sichuan, supernatural beings resenting and fearing him. At that time the ‘Disciple of Heshan’ Wei Wenweng (Wei Liaoweng 魏了翁?[1]) was governing Xuzhou, and his wife fell ill, the sickness persisting for a long time without recovery, so he dispatched a runner with a letter describing it, sending it to Biyun. Biyun thus wrote out two talismans and gave them to the runner, praying and saying: “Burn these within the hall, and through this a thing within your kitchen will be cremated.” The runner returned and reported to Wenweng, burning it as instructed. Several days later, they found the chambers filled with a foul smell, and suddenly noticed beneath a shelf [164] a giant python, five or six zhang in length (c.17-20m), and already quite dead. His household then understood that this was a python demon, and his wife’s illness was then cured.

Anon., Huhai xinwen yijian xuzhi, 後1.163-64 (Tale 284):

法誅蟒精

邛州道士張碧雲,行雷法,四川有名,鬼神望而畏之。時魏鶴山弟文翁知敘州,內人得病,纏緜不愈,差二承局持書與狀,去投碧雲。碧雲即書二符與承局,祝云:「堂內焚化,以一就竈中焚化。」承局歸告文翁,如其言焚之。數日後,但聞滿屋臭穢,忽於閣(「閣」原作「闔」,據明刻本改。)板 [164] 下見一巨蟒,長五六丈,已死。其家方知為祟者蟒也,夫人之病遂安。

[1] On Wei Liaoweng 魏了翁, see http://www.chinaknowledge.de/History/Song/personsweiliaoweng.html

Yuan Haowen 元好問, Chang Zhenguo 常振國 (ed), Xu Yijian zhi 續夷堅志 (Continued Records of the Listener), and Anon., Jin Xin 金心 (ed.), Huhai xinwen yijian xuzhi 湖海新聞夷堅續志 (Continuation of Records of the Listener with New Items from the Lakes and Seas) (Beijing: Zhonghua shuju, 1986).

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A Woman Eats Fuling Fungus 女食茯苓

In Changqiushan, in Pujiang County, Qiongzhou, there was a woman surnamed Yang, who lived by the riverside. Her father went to the market, bought two carp and returned, ordering his daughter to boil and wash them. The woman did not [140] kill them, but released them in the water as a joke, doing this lightheartedly and then wandering off.

Her mother and father wanting to whip her, the girl then fled into Changqiushan’s Daoist temple, depending on a lay Daoist, obediently providing him with fuel and water. Whenever the Daoist sent her to carry water, she would stay away a long time and not return, and one of the other female servants feared she might have a lover outside, and therefore pressured and questioned her, until she said: “When I lower the well-bucket, an infant grabs the rope and rises; we play a while, and then it drops back into the well; there is nothing other than that.” The Daoist said: “You should take a cloth sack and bag it.” The girl did as he said, and when she took the bag to the temple and opened it to look, they found a lump of fuling fungus, placing it in the rice steamer and cooking it. The Daoist had crossed the river in response to an invitation, but the water had risen and he had not yet returned. The girl having noticed that the steamer smelled extremely delicious, then took and ate some, and as the day drew on eventually ate it all.

It happened that the Heavenly Emperor’s envoy summoned her, and in broad daylight she became an immortal and departed. When her home village informed the county, the county registrar Wei Wang went into the mountains to make a detailed investigation. A small piece of fungus was left over, so he also took and ate this, subsequently also departing as an immortal. The registrar was then placed among twenty-four heavenly masters who provide governance.

As I see it the immortals are extremely numerous, and, as they cannot all be laid out here, I record this to show to people in the future.

Anon., Huhai xinwen yijian xuzhi, 後1.139-40 (Tale 246):

女食茯苓

邛州蒲江縣長秋山,有女子姓楊,濱江而住。其父入市,買二鯉歸,令女子烹洗。其女不 [140] 殺,放水中戲,悠然而逝。父母欲箠之,此女遂奔入長秋山一道觀,依火居道士,供柴水之奉。道士每日使之擔水,忽去久不歸,道婆恐其有外慕,因苦問之,乃云:「於弔水時,有一嬰孩扶繩而上,同嬉一時,又投井中,非有他也。」道士云:「可將布袋袋之。」其女子如其言,袋至宮中開看,乃是一塊茯苓,置之飯甑蒸熟。道士適渡江赴請,水漲未歸,其女子聞其蒸熟甚香,遂取食之,日久食盡,忽天帝差使者召之,白日仙去。其鄉村申縣,縣委王主簿入山體究,止餘茯苓一小塊,簿亦取而食之,竟仙去。主簿,乃天師排定二十四治之一者。吾觀神仙者甚多,皆不載此,因錄之,以示來者。

Yuan Haowen 元好問, Chang Zhenguo 常振國 (ed), Xu Yijian zhi 續夷堅志 (Continued Records of the Listener), and Anon., Jin Xin 金心 (ed.), Huhai xinwen yijian xuzhi 湖海新聞夷堅續志 (Continuation of Records of the Listener with New Items from the Lakes and Seas) (Beijing: Zhonghua shuju, 1986).

Conjuring For Theft 幻術為盗

The villagers of Qiongzhou went daily to the labour exchange on the Xiaodongguo Bridge in Chengdu District, where anyone with money could hire bearers to carry their loads. It happened that the imperial scholar Yang Shanfu came there and hired ten people, offering each two hundred cash per day. Returning with them to his home, as the sky turned to dusk, he lit lamps and candles and provided wine and food. When they had finished eating, each was ordered to take up two cloth sacks and a shoulder pole, and follow in silence; four or five of his trusted subordinates went along with them. After going more than ten li (about 3km), they saw a large house, its walls over a zhang (c. 3m) tall, and a pack of dogs began to bark. Before long, the hounds fell silent. Yang attached a rope ladder to the top of the wall,  and climbed up first, and the multitude followed behind him, stealthily and without a sound. Entering the kitchen, they found tables and boards full of pork, mutton, goose and duck; the household was on the eve of a wedding, and a dozen of the men ate without restraint, but still none was any the wiser. Yang entered a chamber, arranging and folding more than ten loads of items and clothing in gold and silver, and ordered the group to bear them away. Yang, along with those he trusted, went behind the newcomers, following them over the rope ladder and returning. The hired hands each sneaked out some kind of garment; when they reached Yang’s place, he was delighted with them, again providing alcoholic drink, and they settled to sleep, sated and drunk, before his bedchamber. Waking sober the next morning, they found themselves among weeds and ruins, with no human household in sight, the robes having also vanished, leaving them only their agreed two hundred cash. The labourers had no idea what kind of magic had taken place. The servant of Gao Youer was among them, and said it was like a dream.

Anon., Huhai xinwen yijian xuzhi, 前2.88 (Tale 152):

幻術為盗

邛州村民日趨成都府小東郭橋上賣工,凡有錢者皆可僱其充使令擔負也。忽有楊秀才善夫來僱十人,議工錢每人二百。與之同歸,天色暮,點燈燭,具酒飯,食罷,各人領布袋二、匾擔一,令其閉口隨〔行〕,(據元刻本補。)亦自有心腹四五人同路。行十餘里,見大屋一所,牆高一丈餘,羣犬狺吠。頃之,犬亦無聲,楊以軟梯搭牆頭先上,衆躡步相隨,寂無一語。入廚內,豬羊鵝鴨之物充滿臺案,蓋其家先一夕成姻也,十餘人恣意而食,並無知者。楊入房內,治疊金銀衣物作十擎,令衆擔出。楊在後同親信者並負新人行,仍從軟梯上回。僱夫亦各竊取衣著之類,到善夫家,喜甚,復得酒物,醉飽羣宿於門前睡房。天明眼醒,見荒草墟中皆無人家所居,衣有盡失之,只(「只」原作「己」,據元本改。)有僱錢二百而已,工不知其何術也。高有二僕在內,言之如夢焉。

Yuan Haowen 元好問, Chang Zhenguo 常振國 (ed), Xu Yijian zhi 續夷堅志 (Continued Records of the Listener), and Anon., Jin Xin 金心 (ed.), Huhai xinwen yijian xuzhi 湖海新聞夷堅續志 (Continuation of Records of the Listener with New Items from the Lakes and Seas) (Beijing: Zhonghua shuju, 1986).